1996 Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act
This act barred undocumented immigrants from receiving any public benefits. This law prevented non-citizens from receiving any type of benefits on the basis on residency, unless the same is offered to U.S. citizens regardless of residency.
1996 Personal Responsibility Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act
This act barred undocumented immigrants from qualifying for any federal, state and local public benefits. Undocumented students are therefore ineligible for federal aid, such as Pell Grants and federal student loans.
1982 Plyler v. Doe
The U.S. Supreme Court held that K-12 students, regardless of immigration status, have the right to a public school education. The Court held that children of undocumented immigrants are protected under the Due Process clause of the 14th Amendment. The ruling upheld that a state could not deny access to a basic education to any child residing in the state, whether present in the United States legally or otherwise. The court explained that "denying innocent children access to a public education, imposes a lifetime hardship on a discrete class of children not accountable for their disabling status." Plyler, 457 U.S. at 223.
1986 Leticia A v. UC Regents and the CSU Board of Trustees
The Alameda County Superior Court ruled that undocumented immigrants that had graduated from a California high school were eligible to attend the University of California (UC) and the California State University (CSU) and avoid out-of-state fees. The decision allowed “Leticia A” students to be treated as residents for tuition and state financial aid purposes. From 1986 to 1991 UC students who met state residency requirements were able to receive state financial aid and were charged resident tuition fees.
1991 Bradford v. UC Regents
The Los Angeles Superior Court overturned the previous 1986 Leticia A ruling for both the UC and the CSU systems. The CCC followed suit.
2006 Martinez et al. v. Regents of the University of California
United States citizens who were forced to pay out-of-state tuition to attend California state colleges and universities, claim that to the extent section 68130.5 (AB 540) applies to persons not in this country lawfully, it violates (or, to use a term that might be used at oral argument, is “preempted by”) federal immigration law in various ways.
The UndocuALLY training is an educational training dedicated to increasing the UCLA community’s awareness of the unique needs of undocumented students. We strongly encourage faculty and staff to attend the four hour-long training to learn about the history, legislation, and experiences of undocumented students in higher education. Upon completion of the training, participants will receive an UndocuALLY decal to display in their immediate work-space that will show they are familiar with and supportive of the undocumented student community at UCLA.
The UndocuALLY training is held once a quarter. Join our listserv to receive notification of the next training.
The U.S. Department of Education Resource Guide hopes that educators, schools, and campuses will, as they see fit, draw upon the tips and examples in this Guide to better support undocumented youth and, ultimately, move us closer to the promise of college and career readiness for all.
With the UndocuCollege Guide and Equity Tool, Educators for Fair Consideration (E4FC) "hope(s) that the following information and frameworks can help institutional leaders and educator advocates enhance their ability to advocate for undocumented students success and generate the momentum and political will necessary to address some of the most pressing challenges undocumented students face in higher education. We see this publication as a living document and we are confident that all the feedback we receive will only strengthen future versions of this publication."
For your reference, please find a short bibliography of scholarship on undocumented students. This list is neither exclusive nor exhaustive; it is an opportunity to become familiar with the issues that impact undocumented students in pursuit of a postsecondary education.
Click here for the scholarship on undocumented students.